Conservation Actions

It is listed on CITES Appendix III (China).

Action Plan

Rafetus report_draft_23SEPT

Location Information

No information available.

Geographic Range



Population Information

No information available.


The only confirmed area of occurrence for this species is seriously impacted by pollution. These animals are intensively exploited for food trade and would be for pet trade if captured alive.


IUCN Red List Account Link

Please click here to see the species' IUCN Red List Account page.

Photo Credits

Gerald Kuchling (category and featured image)