Conservation ActionsConservation Actions Underway
A captive-breeding program has been instigated at the Cikanaga Wildlife Center, although the theft of three individuals in organised raids in 2014 set back development of the programme (Tritto and Sozer 2014). This centre holds the only known individual of the slamatensis subspecies, which may be extinct in the wild (S. Chng in litt. 2016). The species is known to persist within one protected area, where it is regularly observed along a single trail. It is hoped that the groups present there are not accessible to trappers.
Conservation Actions Proposed
Survey strategically across the remaining montane forest habitat to attempt to locate further persisting populations. Monitor its presence in bird markets within the region, as well as population and habitat trends across the range. Campaign for the legal protection of this species and controls on rates of trapping. Conduct education and awareness-raising activities to discourage trapping. Encourage livelihood alternatives in selected communities to reduce trapping pressure. Test the feasibility of more ecotourism within the species's range, with increased community engagement.
Location InformationGarrulax rufifrons is restricted to the mountains of western and central Java, Indonesia. Formerly common within this range, it is now uncommon in many areas as a result of trapping for the cage-bird trade. The only reliable site now appears to be Gunung Gede-Pangrango, as it no longer occurs in many accessible areas where it was once common, such as Halimun-Salak National Park (Shepherd et al. 2016, J. Eaton in litt. 2013). The subspecies G. r. slamatensis, which is thought to be restricted to Mount Slamet, has not been observed in the wild since 1925 (Shepherd et al. 2016), although it does persist in captivity (S. Chng in litt. 2016), and surveys that failed to find the species in 2013 on Mount Slamet did take place mostly above the altitude limit of the species (Mittermeier et al. 2014), so it is possible that the subspecies persists in the wild.