Conservation Actions

Some small protected areas do exist within the Irrawaddy River Shark's range, but they are lacking proper personnel for effective management (Rao et al. 2001).

Location Information

The full extent of this species' range is unknown. The Irrawaddy River Shark is known from only a single specimen collected in the Irrawaddy River delta, near the city of Yangon, Myanmar (Steindachner 1896).

Geographic Range



Population Information

Known only from one specimen recorded in the original species description (Steindachner 1896).


Mangrove forests, which potentially is important habitat for the Irrawaddy River Shark, are being depleted for fuel, construction materials, and non-timber forest products (Scott 1989, Rao et al. 2002). Pollution in this river system is also a major concern.

This species would be captured in the artisanal fisheries operating in the Irrawaddy River since Glyphis species elsewhere are susceptible to net and line fisheries, but there are no specific records of their presence or abundance in the catch. Fishing pressure is intense in the Irrawaddy River. During surveys for the Irrawaddy Dolphin Orcaella brevirostris, a total of 5,701 fishing gears were recorded in the main channel of the Irrawaddy River (November to December 2002) (Smith 2003). Gillnets accounted for the majority of gear (excluding sticks with multiple hooks). Electric fishing was also reported during the survey (Smith 2003).

IUCN Red List Account Link

Please click here to see the species' IUCN Red List Account page.