Conservation ActionsConservation and Research Actions Underway
The species has been nominally protected under Indonesian law since 1979. It occurs in at least two protected areas, Baluran National Park and Alas Purwo National Park, Java (Eaton et al. 2015).
Conservation and Research Actions Proposed
Conduct intensive research into the year-round ecology of the species to clarify its requirements, and the role of trapping and pesticides in causing declines. Promote widespread, strict and effective enforcement of capture and trade regulations (including CITES listing [Shepherd et al. 2015]), focusing activities on protected areas and bird markets. Implement awareness raising activities to discourage people from purchasing protected wildlife (Shepherd et al. 2015). Control use of agricultural pesticides (if these are found to be a significant constraint), especially in key areas for the species. Develop the programme of captive breeding currently focused on A. melanopterus to include the present species (Collar and Butchart 2013) and increase security measures at breeding centres to prevent further incidences of theft (Shepherd et al. 2015).
Location InformationThe species is endemic to Java, Indonesia. It has undergone a widespread rapid decline since at least the 1960s, when it was common in the plains of East Java, to the east of Gunung Bromo. Now rare and very localised, recent records have come only from Alas Purwo and Baluran National Parks, but a few may also persist in Meru Betiri National Park (Eaton et al. 2015). At Baluran NP the population may be increasing, with possibly more than 50 individuals and birds moving out of exclusively savannah areas (Marsden 2017).