Conservation ActionsThis species is the only known from Bunaken Marine National Park (Koppetsch et al. 2019). Habitat protection needed for this species. In addition, targeted survey needed to resolve the taxonomy of this species and other mainland species (G. Gillespie pers. comm. 2019).
Location InformationThis species is known only from Pulau Manado Tua off the Minahassa Peninsula in northern Sulawesi, Indonesia (Koppetsch et al. 2019). It is presumed to occur from sea level up to 650 m asl (G. Gillespie and S. Reilly pers. comm. 2019).