Conservation Actions

No information available.

Location Information

Described from nine specimens from Lake Lanao, Philippines. Considered as one of the most highly esteemed for food and apparently the rarest and most difficult to obtain (said to live at considerable depths and visit the surface rarely). Caught only during the colder months and usually not then except after a storm when the waves are still running high. Reported to be still part of fish caight in the lake in 1963-64 (E. Capuli pers comm 1996).

Geographic Range



Population Information

No information available.


Threats to this species reported by Bleher (1994) include:
  • Exploitation: fish is the main diet for people in the area and the human population has increased. Traditional  fishing methods have been superseded by the use of poison (tigaw, labo, towa) and dynamite, which kill almost everything (including the fry).
  • Earthquakes: the 1955 earthquake shifted the lake to the west.
  • Introduced predatory fishes.

IUCN Red List Account Link

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