Conservation ActionsConservation and Research Actions Underway
The species has been nominally protected under Indonesian law since 1979. It occurs in Bali Barat National Park, Bali, where the Bali Starling Project has helped with the prevention of poaching since 1983, but unlike Bali Starling is not listed on CITES.
Conservation and Research Actions Proposed
Promote widespread, strict and effective enforcement of capture and trade regulations (including CITES listing [Shepherd et al. 2015]), focusing activities on protected areas and bird markets. Implement awareness raising activities to discourage people from purchasing protected wildlife (Shepherd et al. 2015). Develop the programme of captive breeding (Collar and Butchart 2013) and increase security measures at breeding centres to prevent further incidences of theft (Shepherd et al. 2015). Birds bred for potential release into the wild must be screened to ensure that genetic introgression does not occur. Conduct screening of birds in the locations where birds of uncertain origin have been released previously. Control use of agricultural pesticides (if these are found to be a significant constraint), especially in key areas for the species.
Location InformationThe species is endemic to the island of Bali, Indonesia, also (probably this species) occurring on adjacent Nusa Penida, and (perhaps only as a vagrant or escapee) on Lombok. Its range has changed little over recent decades, but it has undergone a rapid decline over recent decades. Most of the population is found within Bali Barat National Park, with a handful persisting at a single site in the south of Bali (Eaton et al. 2015). Individuals were released onto Nusa Penida in 1986, but it is uncertain that they were this species or perhaps A. tricolor or A. melanopterus. A very small number have been observed on the adjacent Nusa Lembongan recently, but there have been no reports from Nusa Penida itself since around 2011 (Eaton et al. 2015).